The Wilberforce Society | Policy Papers
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Policy Papers

Writers: Nadia Abdul, Cormac Devlin, Maya de Silva Wijeyeratne, Nikhil Dwivedi, Kai Johns, Mark O’Brien, João Pedro Borges Santos Editor: Nikhil Dwivedi The National Health Service (NHS) is neither sustainable nor effective in its current form. The advent of the ageing population and along with it, the prevalence of multiple, long-term, complex health conditions, has meant that the NHS no longer serves the same population it was originally designed for. The NHS must reconfigure itself to effectively serve this new demographic; but it must do so against the backdrop of the lingering effects of both the economic crash and weak, ineffective recent...

Writers: Max Gibson, Stacy Young, Thomas Carlile, Matija Franklin Editors: Jun Pang The urgency of planning and implementing sustainable environmental practices cannot be understated. Most recently, world leaders spoke of the pressing need to deal with climate change at COP21, with many heralding the talks as a sign that the international community was finally moving from the realm of words to that of action. However, problems continue to abound as governments grapple with the imperative of ensuring their countries’ growth and development versus that of implementing environmental policies – there remains difficulty in bridging the gap between policy and reality. This paper aims...

Writers: Nora Kalinskij*, Thomas Carlile*, Dominic Bealby-Wright*, Christian Wollny *These authors have equally contributed to the paper. A joint paper of Cambridge University's Wilberforce Society & Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO) [gview file="http://thewilberforcesociety.co.uk.gridhosted.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/SyriaGovernmentPaper-1-1.pdf"] ...

Writers: Jun Pang and Vidya Ramesh Editors: Laura Grunberg and Chia Jeng Yang Commissioned by: End Rape on Campus UK Sexual violence is endemic to university campuses and other institutions of higher education. While preliminary engagement with the issue has begun on the part of the education sector and the government in the United States, there remains no comprehensive set of mechanisms for dealing with sexual violence across universities and other institutions of higher education in the United Kingdom. The University of Cambridge and the University of Oxford are compelling examples of the difficulties of instituting simultaneously vertical and lateral processes of disciplinary action and awareness-raising when...

Writers: Sophie Ashford, Daniel Gayne, Connor MacDonald, Joshua Watts This paper discusses the challenges associated with data use in both political and commercial contexts. In particular, we discuss how organizations and corporations (particularly political parties and telecommunications firms), have used data in recent controversies and elections. In addition, we consider the legal regimes governing data arrangements and usage in a number of jurisdictions, notably Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia and the United States. In particular, we note that legal regimes have not kept pace with data usage, particularly in the political sphere. In some cases, notably Australia, this takes the form...

Lead Writers: Zoe Adams, Francois Vanherck Writers: Shani Wijetilaka, Maximilian Campbell, Joshua Richman, Jack LeGresley Editor: Umang Khandelwal The House of Lords is suffering from an identity crisis. This is as much due to short sighted reform efforts as it is to issues of legitimacy. Reform needs to be seen as a priority, conceived as part of a normative vision of the role that the House of Lords could, and should play in the context of the modern British constitution. It is time to recognise that the House of Lords can make a meaningful contribution to our democracy, and defend it against the...

  Writers: Tom Ellis, Walter Myer, Eddie Reynolds, Kartik Upadhyay Editor: Walter Myer Formatted by: Brendan Tan This paper outlines a strategy to improve upon formal and informal recognition of qualifications held by refugees entering the UK. It begins with an overview of UK NARIC, the national body responsible for producing equivalence qualifications. This is followed by discussion of the problem of refugees who lack physical evidence of their qualifications upon arrival. We then turn to the problem of language acquisition, before finally considering official channels of support for refugees as they use their equivalence qualifications to seek employment. In our conclusion, we produce a...

Written by Ewan Lusty Formatted by Brendan Tan Corruption is increasingly on the UK policy-making agenda. In December 2014 the Government published a comprehensive Anti-Corruption Plan, consisting of 66 points for further action in addressing corruption, acting on repeated warnings from journalists, academics, and NGOs about the threat corruption poses in the UK and the need for an active policy response. Although this plan is wide-ranging in its scope and ambition, further thought and discussion is necessary to determine the exact shape of this action. This paper proposes an online service that will act as both an easily accessible reporting mechanism and an...

Writers: Beth Barnes, Riccardo Conci, Sobia Hamid, Daniel Hurt, Ed Leon Klinger, Gregory Lewis, Cameron Wallace Editor: Daniel Hurt Advisors: Shahar Avin, Clemens Öllinger-Guptara, Chia Jeng Yang   This paper offers some suggestions on how governments and businesses can manage the risks, whilst maximising the benefits, posed by Artificial Intelligence (AI) over the course of this century. It begins by outlining the history and present state of the art, summarising predictions made by experts in the field on how it might progress in the coming decades. Following this it provides an overview of the dangers that advanced AI applications may present across a range of...

Writers: Shachi Amdekar, Jack Sibley, Vivek Midha Editor: Daniil Miroshnichenko Contributors: Matija Franklin, Kartik Vira, Chia Jeng Yang In this paper, we propose potential solutions to the problem of technological unemployment in the UK. We start with an examination of the phenomenon of technological unemployment in literature as seen in economic models, along with empirical evidence pertaining directly to the UK. Then, we evaluate Britain’s current educational, welfare and innovation policies in relation to coping with technological unemployment. Finally, we set out our proposals for the respective policies before finishing off with the concluding remarks. With the advent of machine learning and big data technology will destroy...