The Wilberforce Society | Papers
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Papers

Writers: Beth Barnes, Riccardo Conci, Sobia Hamid, Daniel Hurt, Ed Leon Klinger, Gregory Lewis, Cameron Wallace Editor: Daniel Hurt Advisors: Shahar Avin, Clemens Öllinger-Guptara, Chia Jeng Yang   This paper offers some suggestions on how governments and businesses can manage the risks, whilst maximising the benefits, posed by Artificial Intelligence (AI) over the course of this century. It begins by outlining the history and present state of the art, summarising predictions made by experts in the field on how it might progress in the coming decades. Following this it provides an overview of the dangers that advanced AI applications may present across a range of...

Writers: Shachi Amdekar, Jack Sibley, Vivek Midha Editor: Daniil Miroshnichenko Contributors: Matija Franklin, Kartik Vira, Chia Jeng Yang In this paper, we propose potential solutions to the problem of technological unemployment in the UK. We start with an examination of the phenomenon of technological unemployment in literature as seen in economic models, along with empirical evidence pertaining directly to the UK. Then, we evaluate Britain’s current educational, welfare and innovation policies in relation to coping with technological unemployment. Finally, we set out our proposals for the respective policies before finishing off with the concluding remarks. With the advent of machine learning and big data technology will destroy...

By Qu Tianlu, Chia Jeng Yang, Beatrice Chan, Chiu Chai Hao In this paper, we will examine briefly the background of Islamic State and its manifestation over various social media platforms. We will study how IS capitalised on the advantages conferred by each type of platform to achieve its ends. Subsequently, we will look at social reactions against these activities over social media. Most importantly, we would like to highlight the lack of coordinated UK governmental presence with social media providers to address the problem of IS. This is largely attributed to a confused relationship between the government and social media...

It seems counterintuitive to argue that football is in crisis, considering the huge profits clubs around the world have been making. However, that is the premise that underpins this paper on football reform. Despite the vast economic benefits the beautiful game brings to our country, football has been shrouded in controversy, lurching from allegations of institutional corruption to claims of racism levelled at former international captains. The solution lies in returning to the roots of the game, which made it the most popular pastime in the world....

The prison population currently stands at around 84,000. This constitutes a 100% increase on the 1993 prison population. During this time the rate of reoffending has remained stubbornly high, with about 50% of offenders  reoffending within a year of release from prison. The reoffending rate has remained consistent despite  a range of initiatives and policies aimed at tackling this problem. [gview file="http://thewilberforcesociety.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/Prison-Reform.pdf"]...

Whilst based in Cheltenham GCHQ evidently operates communications surveillance across both the UK and the wider world. The recent allegations of a GCHQ run listening post at Britain’s German Embassy would seem to support the suggestion that the organisation is involved in collecting data for defending Britain’s interests, in a wider sense than the “What we do” page of the GCHQ website implies, with its focus on the threats faced. Furthermore, it implies a physical geographical extension which is not apparent from the neat division of the services previously attested to. [gview file="http://thewilberforcesociety.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/Intelligence-2.pdf"]...

The most noteworthy aspect of the recent political revolutions in the Arab world is that there is nearly always a failure to suddenly superimpose a democratic style of government based on Western political constitutional foundations onto a set of domestic government institutions. Here, I argue that there is a need to consider the notion of a ‘learning equilibrium’ — to recognise that it takes time for institutions and socio-economic agents to adapt their expectations about the new state of governing such that a stable democratic political environment is generated. I conclude with a generic road-map detailing a general pathway for...

Written exclusively by students, this paper is uniquely placed to present a broad range of perspectives on issues surrounding young people and alcohol. In the opening chapter, Claudia Leong argues that media presentation of a youth binge drinking culture is unfair and counterproductive: unfair in light of comparable levels of alcohol consumption among other generations and counterproductive in reinforcing negative stereotypes. Debayan Dasgupta, the author of chapter two, targets his proposals for community level partnerships at the problems of underage drinking and cheap, superstrength alcohol, which are in his eyes the key factors in reducing antisocial behaviour surrounding alcohol misuse. The provision of...

This paper argues for a radical shift in the UK’s policy towards the People's Republic of China (PRC), aiming at a political relationship that transcends the motivation of economic opportunism. It sets out two proposals which present an alternative to the current policy of containment. Instead they promote a relationship of trust and constructive engagement on issues where progress has been lacking for too long. The first proposal calls on the UK government to recommit itself to the democratic development of its former colony of Hong Kong and to establish a Hong Kong Affairs Liaison Committee as a platform for exchange...